The Diamond 4 Cs
The 4C’s classify the value of diamonds. Every diamond’s price, rarity and beauty are determined by the
combination of cut, color, clarity and carat weight.
Cut of a diamond refers specifically to the proportions and angles of the stone. Although nature determines the other three characteristics, it takes a master diamond cutter to reveal the truest epitome of a diamond’s beauty. A well cut diamond reflects light from one mirror-like facet to another and projects the light through the top of the stone. The result is a brilliant fiery display.
Color refers to a diamond’s lack of color, grading the whiteness of a diamond on a color scale implemented by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), which ranges from D (colorless) to Z (most colorful). After cut, color is generally considered the second most important characteristic when selecting a diamond. Color manifests itself in a diamond as a pale yellow. This is why a diamond’s color grade is based on its lack of color. The less color a diamond has, the higher its color grade. Color differences can be so subtle that diamond colors are graded under controlled lighting conditions and are compared to a master set for accuracy. While truly colorless Grade D diamonds are treasured for their rarity, diamond color is ultimately a very personal taste. Visit Brinker’s Jewelers and let us show you an array of color grades for comparison to help you determine your own individual diamond color preference.
Clarity is the measure of the number and size of the tiny imperfections that occur in almost all diamonds. Many of these imperfections are microscopic, and do not affect a diamond’s beauty in any discernible way. To put it simply, clarity refers to the tiny, natural imperfections that occur in all but the finest diamonds. GIA Gemologists refer to these imperfections by a variety of technical names, including blemishes and inclusions, among others. The greater a diamond’s clarity, the greater it’s value and rarity.
Carat is a measure of a diamond’s weight. Much as a person’s weight does not necessarily correlate with height, carat weight, by itself, may not accurately reflect a diamond’s size. To gain a precise understanding of diamond size, Brinker’s recommends considering carat weight with two other characteristics: 1) the distance across the top of the diamond measured in millimeters, and 2) the diamond’s cut grade. A diamond’s cut grade should also be considered because when a diamond is cut with the proper proportions, the maximum amount of light (or sparkle) is returned out of the top of the diamond. Brinker’s Jewelers will help you find the right diamond and mounting to optimize the stone’s unique characteristics and rare beauty. Once you’ve selected your cut, color, and clarity grade, it’s easy to determine the carat weight of diamond that will fit within your budget.